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Transnationalism refers to the diffusion and extension of social, political, economic processes in between and beyond the sovereign jurisdictional boundaries of nation-states. International processes are increasingly governed by non-state actors and international organizations. Robinson (1998) state.
Transnationalism and identity are concepts that inherently call for juxtaposition. This is so because many peoples' transnational networks of exchange and participation are grounded upon some perception of common identity; conversely, the identities of numerous individuals and groups of people are negotiated within social worlds that span more than one place.
Biliteracy, transnationalism, multimodality, and identity: Trajectories across time and space Nancy H. Hornberger September 2007 Appeared in special issue of Linguistics and Education on “Transnational Literacies: Immigration, Language Learning, and Identity,” edited by Doris S. Warriner (2007).
When we talk about transnational literature, we really have to understand the relationship between transnationalism and immigration. Immigrant transnationalism may be in the simple form of regular communication, by phone or computer, by an immigrant worker back home; or perhaps an immigrant businessman conducting daily and multiple business matters in his home country.
Transnationalism is the idea that flows of transstate migrants and their symbolic and material accoutrements are bi- or multidirectional and ongoing. That is, where previous generations of migrants tended toward making a “clean break” with their societies of origin, many contemporary migrants continue to have ongoing ties with the communities from which they migrated.
Although the term is relatively new, transnationalism itself is certainly not a new phenomenon: Even before the emergence and rise of the nation-state as a modern form of governance and identity (that is, before national boundaries existed), ideas, people, and goods traveled across other kinds of borders.
Immigration research on the following topics: Political Mobilization of Immigrants, Immigration and Urban Politics, The U.S. Immigration Debate, Latino Politics, Political Transnationalism, Mexico-U.S. Relations.